Asian American Voters Face Discrimination in the 2008 Election
New AALDEF Report Presented to Congress
Washington, D.C. — The Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF), a 35-year old New York-based civil rights organization, today presented Congress with a new report detailing obstacles faced by Asian American voters in eleven states and the District of Columbia in the November 2008 Presidential Elections. The report was delivered at a hearing of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties on “Lessons Learned from the 2008 Election.”
The report, Asian American Access to Democracy in the 2008 Elections, documents violations of the Voting Rights Act and Help America Vote Act (HAVA) and other incidents of anti-Asian voter disenfranchisement from 52 cities across the country.
AALDEF executive director Margaret Fungsaid, “In the 2008 elections, Asian Americans faced an array of barriers that prevented them from exercising their right to vote. Voting rights enforcement and election reform should be top priorities for Congress and the new Administration.”
On Nov. 4, 2008, AALDEF monitored 229 poll sites in 11 states – New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Illinois, Texas, Nevada, Louisiana, Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia – and conducted a multilingual exit poll of 16,665 Asian American voters. AALDEF received more than 800 complaints of voting barriers, which are described in the report. Some of the problems encountered by Asian American voters include the following:
– Language assistance, such as interpreters or translated voting materials, was far from adequate, if it existed at all. Some poll workers were completely unaware of their legal responsibilities or outright refused to make language assistance available to voters.
– New York City and Boston are required to provide language assistance, while other cities voluntarily provided assistance. However, at a poll site in Chinatown, NY, only one interpreter was available to assist hundreds of Chinese American voters. Poll workers were told they did not need more interpreters. A poll site in Dorchester, MA was missing Vietnamese provisional ballots. Boston had partially translated ballots with candidates’ names written only in English. Chinese American voters had difficulty identifying their candidates of choice. Philadelphia voluntarily provided a language line that poll workers could call and get on-the-spot assistance for voters. However, during the Presidential Primary Election, poll workers did not know it existed, did not know how to access the line, or the line was overwhelmed and constantly busy.
– Some poll workers were rude, hostile, and made racist remarks. For example, poll workers in New York said they didn’t trust Asian American voters and denied them the right to vote or described them as “terrorists.” A Sikh voter was made to vote by provisional ballot because a poll worker said there were too many Sikh voters and she couldn’t figure out which one the voter was.
– Voters’ names were missing from or had other errors in voter roll books, often due to faulty processing or mishandling of voter registration forms. Many were simply turned away.
– Although HAVA requires that voters be offered provisional ballots, poll workers denied voters this right. In Lowell, MA, voters were told to go to City Hall. In Philadelphia’s Chinatown, poll workers would not distribute provisional ballots because of shortages. Voters were turned away and unable to vote.
– Poll workers made improper and excessive demands for identification, misapplying HAVA’s ID requirements. These demands were often only made of Asian American voters in violation of the Voting Rights Act. Some states requiring all voters to provide identification only applied identification checks to Asian American voters; white voters were exempted.
AALDEF sent complaint letters to local election officials that detailed these voting obstacles and offered recommendations for improvements. AALDEF staff attorney Glenn D. Magpantaysaid, “Vigorous enforcement of the Voting Rights Act is still very much needed.” Copies of the complaint letters were sent to the Voting Section of the U.S. Department of Justice for further investigation.
AALDEF also made other recommendations to the House Subcommittee during the hearing, calling for legislation to allow universal voter registration and HAVA amendments to clarify that voting by provisional ballot should also be used to correct errors and omissions in voter registration forms, as was recommended by the Carter/Ford National Commission on Federal Election Reform.
In addition, AALDEF will call on the United States Supreme Court to uphold Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. On April 29, 2009, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in a challenge to the constitutionality of the enforcement provisions in Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District One v. Holder. AALDEF will be submitting an amicus brief to the Court in late March, detailing results from its poll monitoring efforts over the years. AALDEF’s brief contends that Asian Americans continue to face voting discrimination and that Section 5 is necessary and proper to protect the fundamental right to vote.
The co-sponsors below worked with AALDEF to mobilize 1,500 attorneys, law students, and community volunteers to participate in the 2008 election monitoring effort.
AALDEF ASIAN AMERICAN ELECTION PROTECTION 2008 CO-SPONSORS
National Co-Sponsors: Asian Pacific Islander American Vote Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights National Asian Pacific American Bar Association National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum National Korean American Service and Education Consortium North American South Asian Bar Association Organization of Chinese Americans South Asian Americans Leading Together Local Chapters: APIA Vote — Michigan APIA Vote — Pennsylvania APIA Vote — Nevada OCA: Greater Washington DC OCA: Northern Virginia OCA: New Jersey OCA: Greater Houston OCA: Greater Philadelphia OCA: Greater Chicago OCA: Detroit/ACA OCA: Eastern Virginia Local Co-Sponsors: ACCESS – MI Asian American LEAD – DC Asian American Society of Central Virginia Asian Community Development Corporation of Boston Asian Pacific American Agenda Coalition – MA Cambodian Association of Greater Philadelphia – PA Conference for Asian Pacific American Leadership – DC Chinatown Voter Education Alliance – NY Chinese Amer. Planning Council Youth Services – NY Chinese American Voters Association – NY Chinese Progressive Association – MA Coalition of Asian Pacific Americans of Virginia Committee of 70 – PA Filipino American Human Services Inc. – NY Hunter College/CUNY, Asian American Studies Prog. Korean American Coalition – DC Korean American Voters’ Council of NY/NJ Korean American Resource & Cultural Center – IL Korean Community Service Ctr. of Greater Wash. DC Maryland Vietnamese Mutual Association – MD Mass VOTE – MA One Lowell – MA Philadelphia Chinatown Development Corporation – PA Providence Youth and Student Movement – RI Sikh Coalition – NY South Asian Youth Action! – NY U. Maryland Asian American Studies Program Viet-Vote – MA Vietnamese American Initiative for Development – MA Vietnamese Amer. Young Leaders Assoc. of New Orleans YKASEC: Empowering Korean Amer. Communities – NY Legal
Co-Sponsors: AU Wash. College of Law, Human Rights Clinic – DC Asian American Bar Assoc. of Greater Chicago – IL Asian American Bar Association of Houston – TX Asian American Bar Association of NY Asian American Lawyers Association of MA Asian Pacific Amer. Bar Assoc. of Greater Wash.DC Asian Pacific American Bar Association of PA Asian Pacific American Lawyers Assoc. of NJ Asian Pacific American Legal Resource Center – DC Greater Boston Legal Services: Asian Outreach Unit Indian American Bar Association of IL Korean American Lawyers Assoc. of Greater NY Michigan Asian Pacific American Bar Association Muslim Bar Association of New York South Asian Bar Association of DC South Asian Bar Association of New Jersey South Asian Bar Association of New York South Asian Bar Association of Michigan U. Penn. School of Law, Public Interest Office Temple U. School of Law, Public Interest Office – PA and Asian Pacific American Law Student Association chapters across the country.
Law Firms: Bingham McCutchen LLP Chadbourne & Parke LLP Clifford Chance US LLP Constantine & Cannon LLP Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP Dickenson Wright PLLC DLA Piper Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP Fish & Richardson P.C. Fried Frank LLP Fulbright & Jaworski LLP Goodwin Procter LLP K&L Gates LLP Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP McDermott Will & Emery LLP Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP O’Melveny & Myers LLP Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP Pepper Hamilton LLP Proskauer Rose LLP Reed Smith LLP Ropes & Gray LLP Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP Seyfarth Shaw LLP Shearman & Sterling LLP Simpson Thatcher & Bartlett LLP Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP Stroock & Stroock & Lavan Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP White & Case LLP
For more information:
Glenn D. Magpantay
212.966.5932 ext. 206
212.966.5932 ext. 201